A. Prof. Dr. Yang Wang
Guangzhou Institute of Geography
Urban Geography, Urban Social Geography
Prof. Xu Zhang
Henan University of Technology, China
Title: Planning the future cities and their transport for autonomous vehicles and shared mobility
Over the last decade, driverless vehicles have attracted major public attention and large investment. Seeing that the technology would become the driver for the coming mobility revolution shaping our cities and life, businesses and their respective governments are racing to become the leader of the technology. The developments so far are largely spearheaded by technology companies such as Google and Baidu on the side of autonomous vehicles and Uber and DIdi on the service provision. Little attention is paid to the cities where these driverless vehicles will operate and on which the technologies will impact. What do these technologies mean to the infrastructure development and the forms of the cities? It has been acknowledged that while the arrival of the cars with internal combustion engine in the beginning of the last century has lead to unparalleled prosperity and brought unprecedented freedom and choices, it has also headed massive urban sprawl, severance, congestion, pollution and brought many social and environmental ills. Will the technology alleviates or exacerbates these problems? What impacts these technologies will have on the cities, the infrastructure provision and the life of their citizens? So far, the available researches have shown that Uber type of services in which autonomous vehicles (AVs) are likely to be deployed in the future could lead to more congestion and deterioration in public transport, hence potentially more urban sprawl, high energy and resource consumption and further degeneration of the environment and ecosystem. Under this backdrop, this paper attempts to explore the shapes of the future mobility system and the future urban form that are sustainable, livable and socially inclusive and to propose an outline guide to future urban and transport planning based on autonomous driving and shared transportation.
A. Prof. Norzailawati Hj Mohd Noor
International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Title: Penetrating Remote Sensing Solutions for Malaysia`s SDG Urban monitoring system
Globally space technologies are updating every day, the usage of it have been explored with new applications has been established particularly to accommodate sustainable development goals (SDGs) mission nowadays. The more open data platforms and tools available the more remote sensing data become widely accessible and usable especially for the countries that developing the possession of tasking rights to satellites and the needed processing capacity. The purpose of this study is assess the potential of open source and global datasets in estimating achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs) number 11 particularly for urban area. Effort of using satellite imageries in related cases on urban monitoring has been analyzed. The result shows that the remote sensing dataset represent a high potential to supplement statistic for Malaysia achievement. We found that Malaysia government is committed in addressing the sustainable issues for the betterment of society, economy and environment for present and future undertakings with remote sensing solutions. However, the tune of country vision and mission recently influences a decision of this space data usage. The financial constraint, management and experts in accommodating space technologies making this solution in slow progressing. Hence, it will be a challenged for this country in surviving their urban monitoring system as well as SDGs mission for the future.
A. Prof. Puteri Shireen Binti Jahn Kassim
International Islamic University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Title: Dimensions of Masterplanning and Architecture of Sustainability across Tropical Asia- Comparing Past and Present Forms and Technologies
The keynote takes on a comparative approach between past and present, contrasting a historical review of the sustainable approach of city evolutions across different regions, climates and forms which have surfaced throughout past centuries. Within these are embedded intangible approaches to micro and macro scales of sustainable design ranging sustainable masterplanning to sustainable architecture at different times in history and in different sites in Asia. While cultural diversity is a hall mark of the region, it is the consistent appearance of climatic and ecological signatures of these cities and their complexes that have ruled past practices. From the water-based and hydraulic-driven yet passively cooled ancient medieval complexes of India, to the compact and riverine cities of Maritime centers in the littoral Archipelago, to the elevated architecture of Borneo and Cambodia, the past urbanisms highlights key climatic and environmental wisdoms embedded in the traditional cities. To combine past wisdom and present technologies, the keynote highlights a range of principles that must define character and identity of urban form, public spaces , complexes and urban core forms in order to fulfill present standards of sustainable and low-carbon development .These include a respect for the terrain, an affinity to water and water bodies, a conflation of climatic science and cosmology in planning, a compact, clustered yet bioclimatically fragmented to infuse climate into clustered planning. There are advantages to higher densities as opposed to urban sprawl, with inorganic mass being balanced by organic, garden-led landscape weaved into narrower canyons allowing self-shading with lower rise plot ratios within more ‘human-scale’ development. The past is compared to the present; highlighting a range of development features using with present Green tools and ratings designed towards guiding modern growth and generating quantifiable benefits. A review of LEED of US, BREAM of UK GBI and Low carbon city tool of Malaysia and how they compare are presented. Cases are featured n how these are used in sustainable planning and architecture and lessons can be learned. Benefits have been realised and achieved particularly when projects departed from global practices yet strive to localise into order to realise quantifiable benefits and long term sustainability and savings on the ground.
Dr. Bin Li
Tianjin Port Engineering Institute Co., Ltd. of CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co., Ltd., China
Title: Offshore Cofferdam Construction Technology with Bagged Soil Solidification
With the construction needs of construction projects, construction involving land reclamation works, artificial islands and docks has increased so that it is necessary to build a lot of seawalls and embankments. Embankments were constructed conventionally with riprap breakwater or hydraulic fill sand with a huge need of sand and stone. This is neither environmental nor economic method. So it is urgent to use cheap underwater silt resources to build embankments. Offshore cofferdam construction technology with bagged soil solidification is to directly take soft seabed soil to mix with stabilizing agent (e.g. cement) to form a uniform flow mixture and fill it into large-size geotextile bags. These bagged soils are then placed by layers to form an embankment. This paper focuses on the engineering characters of bagged soil with low dosage of cement, researching on the influence factors of strength, proposing that the bagged soil has a higher shearing capacity and higher water content and has a good integrity with the geotextile bag. Meanwhile, the construction technology for bagged soil solidification was also studied to establish a mixing system and a filling system and established a practical construction technology. Application has made a good embankment with bagged soil solidification.